Governable Protocol Fees


Governable Protocol Fees are fees collected by the Balancer Protocol, not Liquidity Providers. There are a few ways in which the fees can be collected, and far more in which they can be used. Though many Liquidity Providers may also be Balancer Governors, we will discuss them here as distinct groups for clarity.


Swap Fees

The obvious source of Protocol Fees is from swapping. Balancer swappers already pay swap fees to Liquidity Providers in exchange for making their swap possible. Fees are denominated in the Input Token when executing a swap.

The Protocol Fees for swaps can be collected as a percentage of the swap fees already being collected (a fraction of a fraction). From the swappers' perspective, there will be no price increase.

Wrapped Token Yield Fees

Balancer currently applies the protocol fee of 50% not only to swaps but also to any yield earned and recorded by a rate provideropen in new window. BIP-19open in new window introduces the idea of core pools which are typically pools that are at least 50% yield bearing. Fees earned from core pools are redirected to support liquidity in the protocol they are generated from as described below.

Flash Loan Fees

Another potential source of Protocol Fees is from interest on Flash Loans. They are currently disabled to encourage developers to build on Balancer.


As of BIP-371open in new window in August 2023, the protocol takes 50% of the swap fees and 50% of wrapped token yield fees on non-exempt pools with rate providers. From that:

  • 100% of all $BAL fees collected are emitted as fee sharing to veBAL holders. See this Governance Proposalopen in new window
  • All other tokens are sold for USDC, of which:
    • 17.5% are paid to the DAO
    • 32.5% are emitted to veBAL holders in the form of direct USDC payments
    • 50% are paid to veBAL holders in the form of vote incentives placed on Core Poolsopen in new window

Core Pool Fee Redirection

BIP-19open in new window, revised by BIP-457open in new window concerns redirecting fees destine for veBAL lockers. It's purpose is 2 fold:

  1. Incentive/encourage veBAL voters to vote for pools that are generating revenue for the DAO by requiring them to do so to capture a portion of fee sharing.
  2. Create a compelling economic proposition for Liquid Staked Tokens(LSTs), Lending Protocols and other DAOs with interest baring assets by enabling pools that support their own yields with staking and trade fees.

Pools have been designated as Core in the past for the following reasons:

  1. At least 50% of the tokens in the pool (at peg) are yield baring with rate providers.
  2. The Pool is a ve8020 pool with locked, primary liquidity hosted on Balancer and is not seeking a grant as defined per BIP-146open in new window and modified by BIP-225open in new window.
  3. The pool is the primary source of on-chain liquidity and fees are high BIP-147open in new window, BIP-237open in new window, BIP-267open in new window

It is important to note that 100% of fees redirected by this program still flow to veBAL voters. They are just contingent on voting for pools that generate significant flows through the protocol and revenue through the DAO.

Join the Discord and Forums to take part in the discussion over how to use these fees.